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«С.А. Сычева ЖЕНЩИНЫ–ПОЧВОВЕДЫ Биографический справочник о российских и советских исследовательницах почв Под редакцией: академика РАН Г.В. Добровольского и д.б.н. проф. Н.Г. Рыбальского ...»

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L.I. Inisheva, who is the only woman – corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, directs the laboratory of Peat and Ecology in the ScientificResearch Institute of Peat (Tomsk).

Role of women in Soil Science Society Women did a lot for science management. Many women took part in the leadership in All-Union (currently Docuchaev) Society of Soil Science. Women were vice-presidents, members of the Presidium and its executive secretaries, members of the Central Council, chairmen of the permanent commissions and subcommittees on various sections of soil science. Many regional departments of the Society were also headed (and are being headed currently) by women during a long period.



List of the women which have been elected the executive positions of the Society of

Soil Science since 1958 to present day:

Vice-president of the Society: N.B. Vernander (1966–1971), M.A. Glazovskaya (1966– 1977).

Members of the Presidium of Central Council: Ye.N. Ivanova (1958–1962), M.M. Kononova (1962–1971), L.N. Aleksandrova (1966–1981), I.V. Zaboeva (1971–1977), A.A. Shtina (1971–1977), M.A. Glazovskaya (1977–1981), T.N. Kulakovskaya (1977–1981), M.I. Andronova (1989–1996), N.P. Chizhikova (since 2000).

Executive secretaries of the Presidium: N.A. Nogina (1966–1971), M.S. Simakova (1971–1981), T.P. Kokovina (1981–1992), N.P. Chizhikova (1992–2000), I.N. Lyubimova (since 2000).

Heads of the permanent commissions and sub-commissions of the Society: L.N. Alexandrova – commission on educative programs and methods of pedology and agrochemistry; M.I.

Gerasimova – sub-commission on soil micromorphology; L.P. Kapel'kina – sub-commission on re-cultivation of disturbed and polluted lands; T.V. Korolyuk – sub-commission on remote sensing in soil science; N.G. Minashina – VI commission (soil reclamation); G.V. Motuzova

– II commission (soil chemistry); N.A. Nogina – V commission on pedometrics; I.N. Skrynnikova – sub-commission on drainage of over-moistened soils; B.P. Striganova – subcommission on soil zoology; N.P. Chizhikova – VII commission (soil minerology); A.A.

Shtina – III commission (soil biology).

Most famous heads of regional subdivisions of the Society: L.I. Akent'eva – Voroshilovograd Branch; L.N. Aleksandrova, V.V. Ponamareva, and E.V. Shilova – Leningrad Branch; A.B. Baranovskaya – Kola Branch; A.P. Biryukova – Saratov Branch; L.M. Burlakova

– Altay Branch; L.G. Yelovskaya – Yakutiya Branch; I.V. Zaboeva – Komi Branch; A.V. Koloskova – Kazan Branch; T.N. Kulakovskaya – Byelorussian Branch; P.M. Morozova – Karelian Branch; T.P. Slavina – Tomsk Branch; L.N. Tashninova – Kalmyk Branch; K.I. Trofimenko –

НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЕ ИНФОРМАЦИОННОЕ АГЕНТСТВО «ПРИРОДНЫЕ РЕСУРСЫ» (НИА–ПРИРОДА) 241

С.А. Сычева North-Caucasian Branch; V.P. Firsofa – Ekaterinburg Branch; V.V. Chuprova – Krasnoyarsk Branch; A.A. Shtina – Kirovsk Branch; L.L. Shchetinina – Zhitomirsk Branch.

30 known women-pedologists have been elected Honorary Member of the All-Union and Dokuchaev Society of Pedologists since 1958, when first after the Great Patriotic War Congress of the Society took place, and up to the present day.

Role of scientific secretaries of the Society, which were N.A. Razorenova (1957–

1964) and G.S. Pogodina (since 1964 till present day), is very important.

Role of the Scientific Council on the problems of soil science and land reclamation that is a central body coordinating the pedology in the Academy of Sciences is difficult to overestimate. Women-candidates of agricultural sciences have been the scientific secretaries of the Council since its establishment. These were V.P. Kostjuchenko (1965– 1969), G.V. Zakhar'ina (1969–1977), and V.A. Obukhova (1977–2001). Immortal editor of the publications of the Council was N.D. Dunaeva.

Rewards, premiums and titles Rewards, premiums and titles are the signs of public and scientific recognition of a scientist's achievements. It is pleasantly both for men and for women to be rewarded, especially if the rewards correspond with talent, efforts expended and real scientific results of a scientist.

The highest reward is the Golden Medal named after V.V. Docuchaev. It was presented only to two outstanding women-scientists. These were Ye.N. Ivanova (1972) and M.A. Glazovskaya (1990) [12].

The second by significance reward is premiums named after V.





V. Dokuchaev. It was presented to 12 women-pedologists (Table 8). There are no possessors of the Golden Medals named after K.K. Gedroits and named after V.R. Vil'yams among the women-pedologists. Premiums named after V.R. Vil'yams was presented to women more often. The only laureates among the women-agrochemists were L.I. Korableva (the Golden Medal named after D.N. Prianishnikov) and V.V. Tserling (the premium named after D.N. Prianishnikov). Geographical premium named after D.N. Anuchin was presented to M.A. Glazovskaya and M.I. Gerasimova.

Botanical premiums named after V.M. Komarov was presented to N.I. Bazilevich. It is only E.A. Yarilova, who has been presented by International premium named after V. Kubiena.

More often women's achievements were marked by the State premiums of the USSR, Russia and other republics.

Women were conferred high scientific titles even rarer. None of the womenscientists were elected full member of the «Great» Academy of Sciences of the USSR (RAS).

Only T.N. Kulakovskaya was a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Byelorussian SSR. She was also an academician of the All-Union Academy of the Agriculture named after Lenin. Currently L.I. Inisheva is the only corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Agriculture. Few women were conferred a title «Honored Scientific Worker of RSFSR» or other republics. Even such outstanding scientists as M.M. Kononova, E.V.

Lobova, N.I. Bazilevich, and N.A. Nogina were not conferred this title.

Surely, as it is customary in Russia, highest state rewards – orders are more often presented to women-heads (directors, heads of the chairs or departments). T.N.

Kulakovskaya who is a director of Byelorussian Scientific-Research Institute of Pedology and Agrochemistry is decorated with a highest government award – Golden Star of the Hero of Socialistic Labor. Six women-pedologists were decorated with the Orders of Lenin. Most common rewards for women are the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and Badge of Honor.

Mothers, wives and daughters Women-pedologists are not only scientists, but first of all they are women, so they are daughters, wives, and mothers. Thus major weight of cares of house and family, birth and bringing up of the children lies on them. This theme is so vast that requires special researches. Let us present only some facts.

Most of the women-pedologists have children, many of them – two children; three children are less common. They took their little babies in expeditions or soil field stations.

Children watched mothers' keenness on travels or experiments, and love to nature. So they chose the same profession as their mothers.

M.A. Glazovskaya is not only the outstanding scientist, but also a remarkable mother. She brought up two sons-geographers. One of them is a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences, deputy director of the Institute of Geography of Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of the geographical science (N.F. Glazovskiy). The second one is a candidate of geographical science, research fellow of the Institute of Geography of Russian Academy of Sciences (A.G. Glazovskiy). Ye.V. Lobova and I.P. Gerasimov have brought up a daughter – M.I. Gerasimova, who is a Doctor of geographical Science, professor of the MSU. I.V. Yakushevskaya and G.V. Dobrovol'skiy have brought up two daughters, which have become pedologists, candidates of sciences: N.G. Dobrovol'skaya and T.G. Dobrovol'skaya. Daughter of N.I. Bazilevich is a Doctor of chemical science. E.A. Yarilova have brought up a daughter-pedologist L.S. Yarilova. I.V. Zaboeva have two daughters-twins, one of which is pedologist, candidate of biological sciences A.A. Gol'eva. V.V. Kellerman and S.V. Zonn have brought up two children. Their daughter has become famous geologist and son – geographer of wide interests, geopolitician and public figure. G.V. Zakhar'ina have two children. Her son is a head of a chair of indology in the MSU, professor B.A. Zakhar'in and daughter is a high-skilled interpreter. N.A. Sirenko have brought up a daughter, paleogeographer. Daughter of T.A. Sokolova is pedologist. Son of O.A. Chichagova and V.P. Chichagov is a geographer. Daughter of G.S. Pogodina is a pedologist, candidate of biological science O.Ju.

Baranova. Daughter of V.S. Arzhanova and P.V. Yepat'evskiy is also pedologist.

Wives of the famous scientists are also special great theme. Male success in professional sphere is closely related with his partner in life, with her ability to form home atmosphere favoring the scientific work, to keep family life, and with such her personal qualities as ability to be a good company and even opponent, secretary, typist, corrector and primary editor. Many of the famous scientists emphasized the significance of their wives for scientific achievements. V.V. Dokuchaev considered his wife to be the first woman-pedologist. However, some wives of the outstanding scientists sacrificed their own careers to husbands' success. It is rare case, when both husband and wife achieved great scientific results.

Many women-pedologists are obliged to the parents' keenness on soil science. I.P.

Bab'eva, L.F. Lebedeva, N.N. Matinian, and A.A. Shtina are daughters of the agronomists.

B.R. Striganova is a daughter of biologists. Z.Yu. Shokal'skaya is a daughter of famous geographer, honorary academician Yu.M. Shokal'skiy. O.N. Mikhaylovskaya is a daughter of famous writer, nature-lover N.G. Garin-Mikhaylovskiy. V.N. Dimo is a daughter of the outstanding pedologist and specialist in land reclamation, academician N.A. Dimo. A.A.

Yerokhina is a daughter of the famous orientalist. T.P. Slavnina is a daughter of ethnographer and archeologist P.P. Slavnin. Ye.S. Migunova is a daughter of geochemist S.M.

Grigor'ev. T.G. Mirchink is a daughter of the famous pedologist, professor Ye.S. Rubilin.

Ye.N. Savvinova is a daughter of pedologist N.I. Savvinov, who was killed during the Great Patriotic War. I.N. Lyubimova is a daughter of pedologist, professor N.G. Zyrin and pedologist V.N. Lyubimova. E.S. Vasilenko is a daughter of famous pedologist S.P. Yarkov.

N.N. Fedorova is a daughter of pedologist N.L. Poyasov. I.V. Kovda is a daughter of pedologist, corresponding member V.A. Kovda. This list could be continued.

Some families comprise even three generations of pedologists. For example, these are the Yarilovs and the Rode-Sokolovs.

НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЕ ИНФОРМАЦИОННОЕ АГЕНТСТВО «ПРИРОДНЫЕ РЕСУРСЫ» (НИА–ПРИРОДА) 243

ЖЕНЩИНЫ–ПОЧВОВЕДЫ

–  –  –

Издательско-полиграфический комплекс НИА–Природа 109017, Москва, Старомонетный пер., 31. Тел./факс: 951–28–12



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